GIS- 11 November 2014: The Family Planning and Demographic Yearbook 2013 outlining data on population trends, vital rates, family planning, and health service points for both Island of Mauritius and Island of Rodrigues has been published by the Ministry of Health and Quality of Life.
Data compiled in the Yearbook show that Mauritius is among the ten countries having the highest population density in the world, that is, the number of persons per square kilometer. The population density was 653 per square kilometer in 2013 and Mauritius registered a mid-year total population of 1,217,341.
As regards fertility rate, Mauritius is witnessing a demographic shift with the declining fertility rate and increasing life expectancy. In the last fifteen years, the total fertility rate has steadily decreased to below replacement fertility level of 2.1, that is, the rate required for a population to replace itself. In 2013, the total fertility rate was 1.41 which is the lowest figure in Africa and comparable to developed countries.
Statistical projections show that the population growth rate will follow a negative trend as from year 2023 and the total population of Mauritius will decrease from 1,220,784 in 2023 to 1,002,715 in 2053.
Furthermore the age structure of the population is changing from a young to an ageing one. The proportion of the elderly population aged 60 years and above has increased from 5.4% of the total population in Mauritius in 1962 to 13.8 in 2013. By year 2053, this proportion is projected to be 34.3%.
As reported in the Yearbook, a decrease has been noted in the number of current users of family planning methods from the national family programme excluding the private sector, going from 85,503 in 2009 to 67,422 in 2013, representing a decrease of 14.7% over the past five years. The Yearbook reveals that in 2013, there were 5,720 new acceptors of family planning methods under the national family planning programme in the Island of Mauritius, as compared to 6,227 in 2009.
The sex ratio of the population stood at 980 males per 1,000 females and the urban population was estimated at 41.8% in 2013. The estimated number of married women aged 15-49 for year 2013 was 217,781 representing 35.4 % of the total female population.
The average life span for a Mauritian was 74.14 years during the period 2011-2013. Life expectancy at birth for women was about seven years longer than that of men (77.69 years for females and 70.59 years for males). The crude birth rate was 10.7 per 1000 population in 2013, compared to 12.9 in 2008.
The infant mortality rate which is often indicative of the general level of health care in a country has declined from 14.3 in 2008 to 12.2 in 2013.
As regards the Island of Rodrigues, the report reveals that the population density was 395 per square kilometer in 2013 with a mid-year population of 41,312.
The total fertility rate was 2.17 in 2013, compared to 2.22 in 2011. The adolescent fertility rate, which is the number of live births occurring per 1,000 women in the age group 15-19 years, was 64.7 in 2013 compared to 64.5 in 2013.
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