GIS - Nov 15, 2012: Government proposes to recruit at least one specialist diabetologist in each Regional hospital, said the Minister of Health and Quality of Life, Mr Lormus Bundhoo, at Domaine Les Pailles at the opening yesterday of a one-day workshop on “Diabetes: Protect our Future” in the context of the World Diabetes Day 2012.
The Minister announced that a Health Literacy Framework will be soon be developed to ease the flow of information on health issues to all sections of the population through multisectoral and coordinated efforts with the ultimate goal of ensuring a healthier nation. He recalled that Mauritius is strengthening its efforts to promote population-wide primary prevention of non-communicable diseases, through the National Strategy Plan of Action for Diet, the Physical Activity and Health and the implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
Other measures include the introduction of the Diabetes Specialist Nurse cadre; implementation of the National Action Plan on Physical Activity (NAPPA) 2009-2012 and the National Plan of Action for Nutrition 2009-2010; provision of analogue insulin and free glucose meters to all Type 1 diabetes patients; and introduction of glycocylated haemoglobin testing to better monitor patients with diabetes.
Mr Bundhoo said that people with diabetes are at the centre of service development and care in the health sector. Delivery of diabetic care has improved with a result that long term outcomes can now be viewed with more optimism”, he pointed out.
Figures from the Mauritius Revenue Authority reveal that tobacco consumption has come down. In 2012, an average of 759.1 cigarette sticks per capita per year was consumed as compared to 1071.5 in 2009. Annual per capita consumption of alcohol which was 40.9 litres in 2009 has come down to 38 litres in 2012.
A general decreasing trend has been observed as regards first attendances at Primary Health Care Centres between 2006 and 2011 due to both diabetes (from 25 156 to 15 868) and hypertension (from 29 464 to 17 775) respectively. The same tendency has also been noted in government general hospitals admitting patients with cardiovascular diseases and diabetes and their related complications, from 15.1 % in 2005 going down to 13. 4 % in 2011.
Furthermore, unpublished figures from the National Nutrition Survey 2012 show an increase in prevalence in physical activity among both male and female adults aged 35 to 64 years. In males, the prevalence has gone from 24.5% in 2004 to 41% in 2012 and in females, the prevalence has gone from 9.55 in 2004 to 23.3% in 2012.
From the same study, a decrease has been noted in the rate of overweight and obesity among adults aged 20 to 49 years. The percentage of overweight has come down from 32.9% in 2004 to 31.6% in 2012 while that of obesity has come down from 22.9 % to 17.65 % for the same period.
World Diabetes Day
World Diabetes Day raises global awareness of diabetes, its escalating rates around the world and how to prevent the illness in most cases. For the period 2009-2013 the focus for World Diabetes Day Diabetes is “Education and Prevention”.
World Health Organisation estimates that more than 346 million people worldwide have diabetes and the number is likely to double by 2030 without intervention. Almost 80% of diabetes deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
According to Non-Communicable Diseases Surveys, the prevalence of diabetes in Mauritius has increased by 60% from 1987 to 2009.